Until recently, Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) was considered a disease of the elderly; however, recent research indicates that this issue is becoming relevant across a broader age spectrum, including teenagers and children. The CheckEye team has gathered and analyzed information on the risks of developing DM and prospects for different age groups based on the latest findings from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States.

This article presents statistical data without distinguishing between Type 1 and Type 2 DM. Nevertheless, we will focus on the second type of this disease, as its prevalence constitutes 90-95% of all DM cases overall [1].

The CDC provided statistics for 2013-2016 regarding the incidence of DM among different age groups [1]:

  • Ages 18 to 44 — 3%
  • Ages 45 to 64 — 13.8%
  • 65 years and older — 21.4%

These statistics confirm that elderly individuals are more susceptible to DM than younger generations. 

In 2018, the percentage of individuals aged 18-44 with DM increased to 3.6% and significantly decreased among age groups 45-64 (to 11.7%) and ≥ 65 years (11.5%) [1]. These statistics indicate more Type 2 DM cases in individuals under 44 y. o.

It’s noteworthy to consider the statistics on children’s disease prevalence. Over the last few years, a significant increase in Type 2 DM diagnoses has been observed among patients aged 10 to 19 [1]. It suggests that the problem is becoming increasingly relevant for youth who have rarely encountered DM before.

Experts believe that likely causes for this rapid increase in Type 2 DM cases and the “youthfulness” of the disease include genetics, comorbidities such as obesity, high blood pressure, etc., and an unhealthy lifestyle. Lifestyle modification, regardless of age group, can significantly impact the prevention of Type 2 DM. Regular physical activity, a balanced diet, and an average body weight are crucial elements [1].

These statistical data emphasize the importance of early diagnosis. For effective Type 2 DM management, timely identification of its signs and risks is necessary.

All these aspects reflect current and alarming trends in the prevalence of Type 2 DM. CheckEye believes that, through advanced screening technologies and systems, we can contribute to better control of this disease across all age groups.


  1. National diabetes statistics report, 2020. (2020). https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pdfs/data/statistics/national-diabetes-statistics-report.pdf